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The change of freight reflects the transformation of new and

来源:未知日期:2019-12-04 浏览:
Railway, aviation and shipping freight markets are important "windows" to observe the economic climate of freight market. Despite the continuous market difficulties, the three major freight industries have shown a positive trend of structural adjustment: Railway Freight "stabilizing the black and increasing the white", air freight growth against the trend, and the explosive growth of shipping e-commerce platform, reflecting many new highlights in the transformation of new and old momentum of economic development.
 
Railway, aviation and shipping freight markets are important "windows" to observe the economic climate of freight market. Despite the continuous market difficulties, the three major freight industries have shown a positive trend of structural adjustment: Railway Freight "stabilizing the black and increasing the white", air freight growth against the trend, and the explosive growth of shipping e-commerce platform, reflecting many new highlights in the transformation of new and old momentum of economic development.
 
Railway Freight "stabilizing black and increasing white"
 
A few days ago, the special railway freight train loaded with auto parts, plastic products, daily necessities and other goods started from Zhuji east railway station in Zhejiang Province and ended in Zhuzhou, Hunan Province.
 
This is the tenth special freight train of Shanghai Railway Bureau, which will be operated according to the demand of transportation market, and will be operated normally in the future. Hu Jianfeng, director of Jinhua freight center of Shanghai Railway Bureau, said that the trains implemented the new policy of freight rate of railway containers entering the container in batches, with no price increase in speed, and the logistics cost reduced by about 15% compared with other transportation, which is conducive to helping the manufacturing industry reduce the transportation cost.
 
The reporter learned from China Railway Corporation that with the continuous decline in the volume of bulk "black goods" such as coal, steel, etc., the railway department took measures to "stabilize the black and increase the white", and increased the "white goods" transportation capacity guarantee of industrial machinery, electronic products, daily necessities and other bulk sources.
 
In many important railway hubs across the country, in order to meet the needs of enterprise cargo owners to reduce the logistics cost, while stabilizing the volume of black cargo transportation, we will vigorously reform the supply side service of white cargo transportation, improve the structure of cargo sources, and optimize the types of cargo sources.
 
At present, Shanghai Railway Bureau has opened 23 special train lines from Yangtze River Delta to Kunming, Urumqi, Shenyang and other directions. In the first quarter of this year, 706 vehicles were loaded in bulk and scattered express daily, up 135% year on year. Through docking with large customers such as coal mines, ports, steel mills and power plants, the volume of bulk cargo such as coal, metal ores and so on increased by 1.4% month on month in the first ten days of April.
 
In March of this year, the average daily loading growth rate of freight of Guangzhou Railway Group ranked first in the whole road, and the freight transportation stopped sliding and stabilized, with the delivery volume increasing 55% month on month.
 
The industry forecasts that with the further promotion of capacity reduction and the end of heating season, the bulk railway traffic volume may continue to decline from March to may, and the railway freight will usher in the "most difficult season". Experts said that we should take the market-oriented reform of railway freight transport as an opportunity, actively change the development mode and operation mechanism of freight transport, and solve the problem of increasing freight revenue.
 
Domestic air cargo growth against the trend
 
Tea is a main force in the export of Sichuan characteristic agricultural products. The head of Sichuan tea group said that the company has focused on the international market in recent years, and the export volume has tripled last year.
 
Not only characteristic agricultural products, but also high-tech products with independent intellectual property rights are speeding up "going out". The head of SF express told reporters that the sales of high-value electronic products such as Xiaomi and Huawei were good in the world, which led to the increase of the whole air transportation volume.
 
With the high-tech products and characteristic agricultural products entering the international market, the domestic new consumption potential is released rapidly, and the rapid development of domestic air freight is pried. Internationalization and popularization have become an important growth point of China's air freight. The State Administration of civil aviation predicts that China's total transportation turnover will reach 95.3 billion tons of kilometers and 6.8 million tons of cargo and mail transportation this year, an increase of 11.5% and 8.3% respectively over the previous year.
 
"Driven by consumption, express delivery accounts for more than 50% of domestic goods in the airport in the past two years." Wang Yong, Secretary of the general Party branch of the cargo service department of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport Air Ground Service Co., Ltd., said.
 
Express logistics enterprises represented by Shunfeng and Yuantong are speeding up the layout of their own air transport bases. At present, the total number of freighters owned by SF air has increased to 27, becoming the largest freighter airline operating in China. In 2015, the air traffic volume of Yuantong air express network was 243000 tons, roughly equivalent to the annual domestic and international cargo and mail traffic volume of Hangzhou Airport.
 
Tang Jiqiang, chief executive officer of "Xicai think tank" of Southwest University of Finance and economics, believes that transport capacity is no longer only concentrated on railways and highways, but more and more sophisticated freight transport options are air transport, which is an important sign of the accelerated formation of China's new economic formats and the accelerated transformation of new and old driving forces.
 
Shipping e-commerce platform "unique"
 
The international shipping market is in an unprecedented downturn. The Baltic index broke record lows in the first quarter of this year, falling to a record low of 290 on February 10. Shanghai's export container price index also continued to decline, falling to a record low of 640 points on April 8.
 
According to the transportation operation analysis report released by the Ministry of transport from January to February this year, China's port throughput shows a trend of "increasing inside and decreasing outside, increasing in the north and decreasing in the South", while the freight rate index continues to decline. Compared with the overall depression of domestic ports and shipping enterprises, the shipping e-commerce platform has shown an explosive growth trend, becoming a "unique branch" in the structural adjustment of the shipping industry.
 
The reporter learned that there are nearly 50 B2B e-commerce platforms in China. These shipping e-commerce platforms provide more open, transparent and efficient docking services through the Internet, gathering the originally scattered shipping forwarders and shippers to the platform, thus subverting the traditional shipping industry. Take Pan Asian e-commerce in China as an example. In 2015, the cumulative turnover exceeded 300 million yuan, and the volume of domestic trade turnover was nearly 2.5 times that of the previous year, especially the volume of foreign trade
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